Traditional charcoal kiln on village roadside Fujino. Oak and bamboo fuel from local managed Satyoma forest. Condenser flue (up hillside) used to recover creosote from flue gases. 2005
In the Earth Steward scenario, charcoal will be an important and high value, smokeless fuel that can transported from forested regions to nearby agricultural and small setlements for cooking and heating. Creosote is valuable as a wood preservative and feedstock for refinement of other chemicals.